Monday, May 2, 2016

Family Recorder - James Hawkes & Margaret Esthers

William King Scrapbook

Page 33 - Family Recorder: James Hawkes & Margaret Esthers

Amanuensis Monday

[We have a project at the Scarborough (Maine) Historical Society (SHS) where we are scanning and digitizing scrapbooks.  Most of the pages are newspaper clippings and other documents which lend themselves to optical character recognition (OCR); however, there are also pages that are handwritten.  To make those pages searchable within the final PDF document, I have been transcribing them as needed.]

Scrapbook, accession number 62.74.4, is a scrapbook of William King, which was donated to the SHS in 1962. Its contents are mostly newspaper clippings. The clippings go back to 1905, and the most recent clipping appears to be from 1952. The majority of the clippings are undated. The handwritten pages seem to be mostly genealogical lists of individuals that are ancestors of the King family and are also undated. The following page is from Page 33, as identified in the scrapbook index. The original was scanned in two parts at 2550 × 3509. The two parts were then stitched together using PhotoStitcher into a 3672 × 3958 file that is available at the SHS Museum. The stitched image was duplicated, cropped, resized for the web to 504 × 487, and is displayed here.

One aspect of this list that I found rather interesting is that rather than using traditional month names, the writer used number months, for example, "Fifthmonth" for May and "Seventhmonth" for July.  I encountered that use once before and am wondering if I should add "Numberedmonth" to my search methodology in the future. If you have thoughts about doing so, please leave a comment below.


Family Register 

Parents 
James Hawkes     Married      Margaret Esthers
Born                                           Born

                                            Children

Births.
Names.
Deaths.
20 Secondmonth 1771
Elizabeth Hawkes
16 Fourthmonth 1884
15 Tenthmonth 1772
James Hawkes
24 Fifthmonth 1857
25 Eleventhmonth 1774
Anna Hawkes
27 Seventhmonth
7 Secondmonth 1782
John Hawkes
27 Seventhmonth 1830
13 Fifthmonth 1783
Benjamin Hawkes
7 Secondmonth 1849
24 Eleventhmonth 1784
Eben R Hawkes
1 Tenthmonth 1853
29 Eighthmonth 1786
Margaret Hawkes
15 Eleventhmonth 1851
18 Eighthmonth 1789
Betsey Hawkes
15 Eleventhmonth 1851
27 Secondmonth 1792
Isiah Hawkes
3 Seventh-month 1858
13 Sixthmonth 1794
Eunice Hawkes
21 Tenthmonth 1844
18 Twelthmonth 1796
Aaron Hawkes
27 Sixthmonth 1866
I

Transcribed by Don Taylor 
Scarborough Historical Society 
14 Apr 2016 


Endnotes:

Because all dates are after 1752, they are presumed to be Gregorian.  I added a conversion for each of the months used for search purposes:
Secondmonth = February
Fourthmonth = April
Fifthmonth = May
Sixthmonth = June
Seventhmonth = July
Eighthmonth = August
Tenthmonth = October
Eleventhmonth = November
Twelthmonth = December

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Saturday, April 30, 2016

MGS had a winning Spring Workshop.


I attended the Maine Genealogical Society (MGS) DNA Workshop last weekend. I was impressed with the conference organization and agenda.

The logistics were excellent. Registration was easy; the conference program booklet was done well with a few extra blank pages for notes. I don’t know how many people were there, but I’d guess a couple hundred. The venue, The Augusta Elks Club, was adequate for the event, and the food was good. The MGS bookstore people were there. If you have ancestors from Maine, the MGS Bookstore probably has a book or two that can augment your research. Also, the Maine Historical Society had folks there promoting the society.

However, the real reason for my attending was to see Blaine Bettinger (@Blaine_5) speak. I had never seen Blaine before, but I have used several of his genetic genealogy charts for years. Because I have respected his work for several years, I was excited to meet him in person and hear him speak. I was not disappointed. Blaine was energetic all day and kept the audience engaged and interested. As the day progressed on his topics got more and more advanced.

His first topic was “Introduction to DNA for Genealogists” and he explained the types of chromosomes (X, Y, Mitochondrial, and autosomal) and the tests for each of them. He also went through inheritance and what each of the tests might show you.

Mitochondrial DNA
Picture : by Emmanuel Douzery
[CC BY-SA 4.0]via Wikimedia Commons
His second session was “Using mtDNA and Y-DNA to Explore Your Genealogy.” He explained Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), what HVR1 & HVR2 tests are about and what a full genome test is. He also provided information about how mtDNA test results may be used to solve family mysteries. Then he moved on to Y-DNA testing. He described STR (short tandem repeat) testing versus SNP (single nucleotide polymorphisms) testing. I understand the STR explanations fairly well, but I got lost in the SNP stuff, again. I’ve listened to other people speak about SNPs, I didn’t understand them either. One of these days, I’ll get it.

Again, he spoke about using the test results to solve family mysteries. As you may know from reading my blog, in my case, I was able to use Y-DNA results to be certain that “Roberts” surnamed individuals were on my paternal line. See: My Paternal Brick Wall and Finding Family … tools to determine my biological father and half-siblings for details.

After lunch, Blaine continued with “Using Autosomal DNA to Solve Family Mysteries.” Besides the basics of what Autosomal DNA is, he reminded us that we have two family trees. A Genealogical Family Tree and a Genetic Family Tree. The chance of matching a first or second cousin is really high (over 99%), but the chance of matching a fifth cousin might be as low as 10%. That is to say that only one in ten of your fifth cousins may hold a DNA string that you also inherited. That is understandable, on average a 5th cousin would match only 3.32cM or .0488% of a match.
(See http://www.isogg.org/wiki/Autosomal_DNA_statistics for details.)

Blaine Bettinger
Photo used by permission
Blaine’s 4th talk of the day was about “Using Third-Party Tools to Analyze your DNA.” This talk was an intermediate session with a close look at some of GEDMatch’s tools. Besides looking at the various matches available, but also looked at phasing and a tool he runs on everyone he imports into GEDMatch, the “Are Your Parents Related” tool, which answers questions regarding homozygosity that can skew your other results. He also talked about Lazarus and triangulation tools that GEDMatch has.

Although Blaine took questions throughout his presentations regarding issues at that point, he also had a more formal Question and Answers session at the end of the conference using Q&A cards written during the conference.

I thoroughly enjoyed the conference. I thought Blaine Bettinger was a great speaker. He kept to the topics. His slides were legible and decipherable from across the room. I would go out of my way to attend future conferences where he is a speaker.

To learn more about Blaine Bettinger, Ph.D., J.D., see his Genetic Genealogist website. His website includes a biography page, a presentations page, and a “Contact Me” page. I’m sure you will enjoy having him as a speaker for your conference and your attendees will learn a lot.

On May 21st, I’ll be going to the “Third Annual Southern Maine Genealogy Conference” sponsored by the Greater Portland Chapter (GPC) of the Maine Genealogical Society. This conference will be in Portland, ME, (much closer to me) and will feature D. Joshua Taylor of Who Do You Think You Are? fame (no known relationship). Another fantastic day of genealogical programming is scheduled. I’m looking forward to listening to him talk. You can register for this conference on the GPC-MGS website.


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Wednesday, April 27, 2016

Newspaper Research Day - 12 new venues for Donna Montran and "Chin Chin"

Newspaper Research Day


Today was a Newspaper research day.  I utilized three of my favorite newspaper sites looking for places that the show “Chin Chin” was playing during April and May of 1920. "Chin Chin" has funny search results depending on how and where you search.  I have found that instead of searching for Donna Montran and "Chin Chin," it is better to search for Chin "Roy Binder" or Chin "Walter Wills." Binder and Wills were the stars of the roadshow and are named in almost every article regarding the show. 

Elephind

Elephind is a free site.  It searches the Chronicling America (US Library of Congress) as well as several other newspaper sources including the California Digital Newspaper Collection, and Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections.  The advanced search doesn’t give many additional search options, just years, countries, and sources. In my case, I sought only records in the United States and during the year, 1920.  

Elephind makes downloading a searchable PDF very easy. First, click on the article page.  Then I highlight the page information, for example, I highlighted the following:   The Bennington evening banner., May 13, 1920, Page PAGE TWO, Image 2.  Then click on PDF and then the download icon. When it presents the file name, I replace it with my copied title.  The metadata for the downloaded file indicates where the it came from. So between the filename and the metadata I have all of my source information.

Newspapers.Com

newspapers.com
Next, I went to Newspapers..com. Their search methodology is straightforward. It is easy to narrow the date to a particular month, in my case I searched from Apr 1 to May 30, 1920.  Once Newspapers.Com identifies your matches, it is very easy to review the option then print/save the article as either a clipping or as a full page. The good news is that if you select "Save as PDF" it auto-documents the source information for the page. The bad news is that the article is an image within the PDF and is not searchable.  It is like a JPG embedded in the PDF. 

Newspaper Archives via MyHeritage

Next, I searched Newspaper Archives. I had a subscription to Newspaper Archives a few year ago and liked it. Now my subscription is through MyHeritage where my Data Subscription allows access to Newspaper Archives.  The good news is that searching Newspaper Archives within MyHeritage resulted in many more matches than either Elephind or Newspapers.com produced. The bad news is that the date filters, even when set to “Match Exactly” don’t work. So, my search for “Chin AND Binder AND Wills” during April 1920, yielded 787,764 results.  Admittedly, the first six matches were all articles I was looking for, however, after that the matches began to be from other months within 1920.

I did run into a problem using Newspaper Archives via MyHeritage.  I often would find a match and then click on the article to see the detail, then not be presented with an option to display the actual page.  I could not view the page nor download it.  I sent their customer support an inquiry and provided them a screen shot of what I was seeing.

Upon drilling in and verifying the information was what I was looking for, sometimes the files downloaded fine, sometimes the file download errored. I was, however, able to download all the files I could zoom into and review. Like the technique I used on Elephind, I’d copy the newspaper title, examine the article, confirming it was an article I am interested in; then I’d download the file using the Document information I copied moments before.  The files downloaded are PDF files and are fully searchable.

Genealogy Bank

I used to have a subscription with Genealogy Bank.  I liked them, but I found I just couldn’t afford three premium newspaper services. Once one of my other premium newspaper services expires, I won’t renew with them and will go back to Genealogy Bank.  My plan is to continue with two premium newspaper subscriptions at a time.   

12 New Venues for "Chin Chin"

Between the three sources, I found articles indicating that “Chin Chin” played on the following dates at the following cities:

1920-04-05 - Sandusky, OH
1920-04-06 - Lima, OH
1920-04-09 - Steubenville, OH
1920-04-10 - New Philadelphia, OH
1920-04-11 – Coshocton, OH
1920-04-20 - Cumberland, MD
1920-04-22 - Frederick, MD
1920-05-04 - Wilkes Barre, PA
1920-05-13 - Bennington, VT
1920-05-18 - Oneonta, NY
1920-05-19 - Mt. Carmel, PA
1920-05-31 - Bridgeport, CT
The research didn’t fill out April and May 1920, in its entirety, but adding a dozen new places for Donna Montran’s career is a good day of research. Now I just need more time to research the particular venues.

- Don Taylor


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Friday, April 22, 2016

Bio - Barney Brown (c. 1813-c 1865)


Biography – Barney/Daney Brown (c. 1813-c.1865)

By – Don Taylor


Barney/Daney Brown is my third great-grandfather on my mother’s paternal line. I have not found much Barney or his life. In fact, I have only found him in two census records, which is barely enough to prove even his existence. But, this is what I think I know.

c. 1813 - Born in New Hampshire.
c. 1840 - Married Mary C. (Unknown).
c. 1842 – Son, William Henry born in Michigan.
c. 1845 – Son, Myron O. born in Michigan.
    1850 – Lived near Seline, Washtenaw County, Michigan
c. 1852 – Daughter, Alice C. born in Michigan.
c. 1855 – Don, David V. born in Michigan.
    1860 – Lived near Seline, Washtenaw County, Michigan
c. 1865 – Died (Probably near Saline, Washtenaw County, Michigan

Discussion


According to the 1850 and the 1860 Censuses, Barney was 36 and 46 years-old respectively which indicates he was born in 1813 or 1814. Both censuses show that he was born in New Hampshire. Several other researchers suggest that his father was Odell Brown, and his mother’s name was Jane, however, I have not managed to confirm those names. Also, some researchers indicate that he had a brother, David, who was born about 1810.

In the 1850 Census he is named Barney; in the 1860 Census, he is called Daney. This name change leads to some confusion, which is why I call him Barney/Daney. When I find additional documentation, I will correct the name as appropriate.

I know nothing of his childhood, other than he apparently had an older brother.

I have been unsuccessful finding Barney in the 1840 Census. It is likely he was living with his family in New Hampshire, Michigan, or somewhere in between. The 1840 Census only names the heads of households, so if Barney/Daney was living with his father or another person, the 26-year-old would not be listed.

He appears to have left New Hampshire and located in Michigan sometime before 1842 because his oldest son was born in Michigan.

He appears to have married Mary C. (Unknown) about 1840. This marriage is based solely on my knowing his oldest known son, William Henry Brown, being born in 1842. It is not clear if he married Mary C. before he located to Michigan after he settled in Saline, Michigan, or elsewhere.

Barney/Daney and Jane appear to have had four children.[1]


They are:
  • William Henry Brown (1842-?)
  • Myron O. Brown (1845-?)
  • Alice C. Brown (1852-?)
  • David V. Brown (1855)

In 1850, Barney was living with his wife, Mary, and two children, William Henry and Myron O. Brown in Saline, Washtenaw County, Michigan as a farmer[2].

In 1860, Barney was living with his wife, Mary, and four children, Henry W., Myron O., Alice C., and David V. Brown in Saline, Washtenaw County, Michigan as a farmer.[3] Living with the Browns was a Melvina Miller, age 17 who was a domestic and also attended school.[4]

I have been unsuccessful finding Barney in the 1870 Census. I did find his wife in the 1870 census living as a widow with Henry & Ann Davidson in Saline, Washtenaw County, Michigan. Because of that, I believe that Barney/Daney died sometime between 1860 and 1870.

I have been unsuccessful finding Barney’s burial location.

Further Actions:

  • Determine Barney/Daney’s preferred name, also the date and place of his birth.
  • Determine Barney/Daney’s date and place of death.
  • Determine Barney/Daney’s location during the 1820, 1830, and 1840 Censuses.
  • Follow the other children through the censuses.
  • Confirm that Odell and Jane Brown were his parents.
  • Determine Barney/Daney’s wife maiden name.

List of Greats

  1. Arthur Durwood Brown
  2. William Henry Brown
  3. Barney/Daney Brown
  4. Odell Brown?????

ENDNOTES


[1] The 1860 Census, Population Schedule, does not include family relationships. Consequently, identifying the relationships as parents/children from those records is speculative. William H and Myron O lived with Barney & Mary during the 1850 Census. “Henry W.” and the other children lived with Daney & Mary during the 1860 Census.
[2] 1850 Census; Barney Brown - Saline, Washtenaw, Michigan, Family Search; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MF8P-F8S
[3] 1860 Census; Daney (Barney) Brown - Saline, Washtenaw, Michigan; Family Search; Saline, Washtenaw, Michigan, Family 644; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MWDZ-DLM
[4] Ibid.


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Tuesday, April 19, 2016

"In 1897 Nothing Happened..." 'cept a Shipwreck

by Don Taylor


Sign "On this site in 1897 nothing happened" photo by Don Taylor
One of my wife’s nieces lives here in Scarborough. On her house, she has a sign which reads, “On This Site in 1897 Nothing Happened.” I know her home was built in the 1980s, as was most of her neighborhood, which is nestled between Pleasant Hill and Higgins Beach. When I first saw the sign, I thought, “well, maybe nothing happened on her property, but I’ll bet something happened in the area.”

Sure enough, on August 11, 1897, there was great excitement in Scarborough. During the day before, it was wicked foggy. One observer said it looked as if “the space between earth and sky was filled with gray-white cotton.”[i] During the night it just got worse. About two o’clock in the morning, there were loud crashes and curdling noises coming from the water. I’ll bet, they were loud enough you probably could hear them through the thick fog two miles away at my niece’s property. When the fog cleared in the morning, it was clear that a ship had run aground.  

Howard W. Middleton appeared very low in the
water while she was aground
Photo: Scarborough Historical Society
The Howard W. Middleton, a three-masted schooner had run aground on a ledge near Higgins Beach. It contained 894 tons of Pennsylvania coal headed for Portland. All the crew members made it safely to shore. Tug boats from Portland tried to get it off the rocks to no avail.[ii] Most of the cargo was saved, although it is said that some of the locals salvaged enough coal for themselves to last them through three winters.  

Photo of Howard W. Middleton Shipwreck by Rich Bard Photo.
Remnants of Howard W. Middleton shipwreck
 Photo by Rich Bard (CC BY-ND 2.0)
The following month a storm drove the wreck further inland onto Higgins Beach where some of the remains can be seen 119 years later during low tides.

It may be that nothing happened at my wife’s niece’s property in 1897, but certainly there was a lot of excitement in her neighborhood that year surrounding the sinking of the Howard W. Middleton.

ENDNOTES


[i] Internet: As told by Emma Bray David (December 1967) per The Full Wiki http://www.thefullwiki.org/Higgins_Beach#Howard_W._Middleton_Shipwreck
[ii] Internet: Scarborough: They Called It Owascoag; Maritime Tales: Shipyards and Shipwrecks; http://scarborough.mainememory.net/page/1533/display%3Fpage=2.html



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